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[原创编译]重归蓝天的--ME262  

2006-05-29 13:25:11|  分类: 我的军火库 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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    历史上很少有的能够称之为具有开创意义的战斗机,诸如梅塞施米特式 ME-262。它诞生于战争的绝境之中,这个科技与创新的杰作在其出现在1944年的欧洲天空中的一霎那,便影响了整个航空业的面貌。仅有的很少的原形机仍收藏在世界各地的博物馆中(存世的不超过10架),再也无法起飞了。他们如此的稀少,如此的宝贵以至于让它们重飞相当于不考虑其自身条件的卤莽的冒险,其中更没有任何一架具备飞行的条件。想看到它重归蓝天无异于白日做梦,直到现在!

  Me 262 项目是做为一个专门目标于1993年确立的:那就是重新生产出一架能飞行的从而重现传奇的ME-262.由一流的战斗机工业组织(CFII)对项目进行特定管理,并直接控制整个计划从1993年直至2001年前期,当所有资金转让给项目团队准备飞机的总装,飞行测试和运输.项目被严格控制在5架飞机,一旦这5架飞机完成,从此将不会再继续生产更多的飞机.

    这些飞机是在ME-262原设计基础上制造的后续机,事实上,它们是1945年原生产线上的机型.付出了巨大努力的飞机并非是简单的复制品,而是几乎在每个方面都要达到生产线上飞机的要求.实际上新飞机使用了一些原Me-262飞机的备件.通过能够从过去的那些资料中测试和复制零件,那些可行性的标准已经被确定.

  当然,原始的设计也遇到了一些众所周知的缺陷,特别是引擎和起落架的问题.这些方面需要认真而仔细的研究,而且要确定精细的修改以保证操作人员的安全和可靠性.然而一次草率的视觉检验无法发现他们,这些内在的修改正在与最初的设计特性整合. 基本上,新的ME-262机身反映了那个时代技术的逐渐改进,仍然使用了与原型机相同的技术(用原材料手工制作)而且使用了精确的复制品,甚至连同其机鼻下面那4门MK-108加农炮.唯一值得注意的是发动机的选择. 显然,更换的发动机必须是能使该计划可行的.原型机上的Jumo004B引擎时好时坏,不够稳定,而且经常失败.在考虑了多种可行的引擎之后,General Electric J-85 / CJ-610 被选择替换原来的Jumo004B 引擎.

  感谢新的技术和观念, J-85s 得已隐藏在原先引擎外壳的内部,而保持飞机原来的外观.由于J-85s比此前的德国引擎更轻,所以原先Jumo引擎的外壳对于保持飞机原来重量是十分必要的.

  下面是该计划的图片:

   This section consists of more than 50 images taken throughout 2001 by project photographer Nick Cirelli.  Our intent on these pages was to provide a more in-depth look at the fabrication process by featuring both the men and machines involved.

 

Adrian working on an inboard flap.

A technician works a part on the English wheel.

Blue nose slat and rudder assemblies.

Left engine "can" being fitted.

Ralph trimming up the end of the Blue Nose  lower engine nacelle.

Newly fabricated fuel tanks.

Fuel tanks (with forward tank in foreground).

Ralph and Mike inserting canopy nuts and bolts for Blue Nose.  

A view of the completed canopy.

Instrument panel for Green Nose.

Looking up at wheel well bulkhead (aft). 

New engine mounts being fitted to wing.

Close-up of the new engine mounts being fitted.

Austin leveling the engine can during installation of left engine. 

One of the J-85 engines that will power the new Me 262s.

Working on the left outboard flap.

The crew working on the right wing flaps.

Adrian and Don working on elevators for Blue Nose.

Right engine installed, and tail cone being fitted.

John making adjustments on the main landing gear actuators. 校正着陆系统

Front view of the left engine installation.

3/4 view of the left engine

WS of radio shelf in aft fuselage.

Right wing - completed aileron rod and fittings.

Reengineered steel engine/nacelle attachment fittings (forward #1 & #2).

Overall view of Blue Nose on jacks with both engines installed.

Adrian and Mike working on nose cowl modifications. 机鼻整流罩的修改

Dave reworking the Red Nose "turtleback."

Group shot of the production crew.

 

 

The latest perspectives from the production line.

 

Here we continue our look at the men and machines that make the Me 262 Project possible.

Close-up view of left engine installation.

Blue nose tail installation. 

Bob working a new part on the lathe.

Blue Nose with engines and forward wind screen fitted.

Fitting new Red Nose turtleback plate.

Adrian and Don fitting the engine cowl with reengineered mount.

Blue Nose right engine and wing.

Re-worked Red Nose turtleback structure.

Adjusting fit of the right side J-85 installation.

 

Our final update before commencement of the flight test program, this section provides a detailed look at the finish work accomplished during August and September of 2001.

 

Nose gear wheel well and main fuel tank cover.

Don Davis and Adrian adjusting the lower cowling length.

Stainless steel main fuel tank straps.

The tail ready for painting.

Mike Anderson TIG welding the inboard slat

Left engine awaiting fitting of the lower nacelle.

Left side wing-to-body fairing.

A view of the completed left engine exhaust area.

These images, taken in early June 2002, show the current work in progress on our second jet, Red Nose, as well as finish and detail work on White 1, as it is readied for flight testing.

White 1 complete except for the gear doors.

White 1 at the Fortune magazine photo session.

John finishing off the upper gear doors.

Left wing flap markings.

Antennas and aft fuel tank vents.

Austin contouring the door panel.

Adrian making an access hole on Red Nose

 

We are pleased to reintroduce the photo gallery feature by posting photos of our first A-1c configured (single-seat) jet, fresh from the paint shop, along with several images from the May 2005 "General Aviation Appreciation Day" event here on the airfield. 

This plane, Tango-Tango, wears a correct late-war RLM scheme (less the tail Hakenkreuz), as specified by the Messerschmitt Foundation in Germany.

Tango-Tango, along with White 1, during General Aviation Appreciation Day. Credit Webster

Front quarter view of Tango-Tango, with armament bays open.  Credit: Webster

 

Side view of Tango-Tango, showing off the paint scheme.  Credit: Webster

Rear quarter view of Tango-Tango. Credit: Webster

Front quarter view of Tango-Tango, with armament bays open. Credit: Webster

The official roll-out shot of Tango-Tango in a RLM paint scheme. Credit: Cirelli

A second view of Tango-Tango after painting. Credit: Cirelli

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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